Chilly is an important spicy crop belonging to family Solanaceae. It’s scientific name is Capsiacum annuum. It is an integral part of human consumption. It is a must have component in the kitchen. This fruit has been part of human diet since 7,500 BC. Chilly is believed to have originated from Northeastern Mexico. More than 30 varieties of chilly are grown mainly around the world. In this article we are going to learn about the health benefits of Chilly consumption for our body.
Chilly are used in almost every dish to add spiciness in the cuisines. The compound found in chilly are capsaicin and capsaicinoids which are responsible for pungency found in the chilly. The chilly has fruits of different colour like white, yellow, Green, Red or Purple to black colors. The world production of green chilli is around 40 million tonnes with China producing the majority of it. India is major producer of dried chilli. The hottest varieties of pepper are Naga Viper, Infinity chili, Trinidad Scorpion Butch, Trinidad moruga Scorpion, Carolina Reaper, Dragon’s breath, Pepper X, Bhut jolokia, Habanero, Datil and Scotch bonnet. The intensity of heat of chilly is measured in Scoville heat units (SHU). Capsaicin found in chilly are hydrophobic, colorless, odorless and crystalline to waxy solid at room temperature.
Some Interesting Facts about Chilly:
- Birds can eat chilly without any discomfort because the capsaicin targets only the mammals specific pain receptors.
- Chilly smell is not liked by elephants which is why people use chilly as a cover crop to protect valuable crop from the elephant in prone areas.
- Capsaicin is used to prepare pepper sprays and tear gas which is extracted from chilly
- Capsaicin is used as an analgesic in topical ointments, nose sprays to relieve pain.
- Chillies can be consumed both fresh and dry and can be stored for longer period by pickling.
- Red chillies have larger amount of Vitamin C
Let’s start our Epic Top 5 Countdown of Health Benefits of Chilly Consumption!
5. Risk of Stomach and Prostate Cancer is Lowered
According to Berkley neurobiological study, the capsaicin of the chilli is protective against the stomach cancer. So the regular consumption of chilly ensures your cells does not get affected by the cancer. The study also found out that gastric cancer was lesser in regularly chilly consuming people.
The cancer research study published in March 2006 came to the conclusion that capsaicin helped to kill the prostate cancer cell lines, slowed the development of prostate tumors and helped to stop the spread of prostate cancer.
4. A Therapeutant and Relaxant
Chilly offer therapeutic effect on the body and helps to keep it relaxed. Capsaicin helps to block the substance which is involved in transmission and perception of pain thus useful in relieving and preventing headaches, migraines and discomfort. Capsaicin has antibacterial and antiinflammatory properties too.
3. Pain Reliever and Inflammation Reducer
Capsaicin is known to contain a neuropeptide which is associated with inflammatory process. The regular intake of chillies helps to prevent or minimise the effects of diseases such as rheumatoid and arthritis. Capsaicin is found out to have pain relieving effect without numbing the body and other side effects which are caused by different anaesthetics and painkillers. Many painkillers today affect mental concentration and smooth functioning thus capsaicin of chilly can be the best safe alternative for the painkillers.
2. Blood Sugar level is lowered
One of the important health benefits of Chilly is it helps to lower down the sugar level in the body. It is very beneficial for people who are overweighing and suffering from diabetes. Chilly helps to control the insulin level after the meal. According to the research done in University of Tasmania, the amount of insulin needed to lower the blood sugar level in the body is reduced by whooping 60%.
1. Heart Health Promoter
One of the important health benefits of chilly consumption is it boosts the heart health by promoting circulation of blood. The chilly helps to thin out the blood and thus protects the heart against minor and major strokes.
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