Rice is the major staple food of Asian people. Rice provides more calories per hectare than any other staple crops. Rice was originated from South and south east region. Rice is semi-aquatic in nature. It have rich amount of Potassium and silica which checks its ratting under water logged condition. Rice has a long history of 3000-4000 years ago. In this article we are going to learn about the top 5 health benefits of rice because of which we are cultivating it from a long period.
There are two types of rice in cultivation. One is Asian rice Oryza sativa which originated in South and southeast Asia and another is African rice Oryza glaberrima which originated in west Africa. Rice belongs to the family of gramineae. Mainly the oryza sativa rice are classified into 3 subspecies
a. Oryza indica: They are mainly cultivated in India. They have high tillering and high shattering too. The plants are tall, leaves are broad, light green and slightly pubescent. They have thin, flattened and elongated type of grain.
b. Oryza japonica: They are mainly cultivated in Japan. They have medium tillering and low shattering. The plants are dwarf, leaves are narrow and dark green. They have small and rounded sticky grains.
c. Oryza javonica: They are mainly cultivated in Indonesia. They have height in between of indica and japonica subspecies. They have low and sparse tillering . They have broad, hard and light green leaves. The grains are broad and thick and have low shattering percentage.
Let’s start our Epic Top 5 list of Health benefits of Rice
5. Energy provider
One of the health benefits of Rice consumption is it is a good energy provider as it is rich in carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are necessary for fueling the body and the brain. Carbohydrates are metabolized by our body into useful energy which helps us to perform any work. Furthermore, vitamins, minerals and other organic components helps to optimize the smooth functioning of all the organs which further increases the efficiency of energy production of those organs.
4. Blood Pressure Controller
Since rice is lower in sodium it is one of the best food for people going through higher blood pressure. Sodium causes the constriction of veins and arteries, leading to heart conditions too so for lowering the blood pressure rice is the best food for people suffering from Hypertension.
3. Helps to Prevent Cancer
Rice especially brown rice are rich in insoluble fibers which helps our immune system to fight the cancerous cells and prevent development and metastasis of those cells. Fiber also contains natural antioxidants like vitamin C, vitamin A along with flavonoid and phenolic compounds which are helpful in scavenging the free radicals from our body and lower our risk of getting the cancer.
2. Helps to Tackle Alzheimer’s and Dementia Disease
Another health benefits of rice is it helps to fight the Alzheimer adn dementia. Alzheimer disease is a progressive disorder that degenerates the brain cells. Alzheimer leads to dementia in which a persons ability to think, behave and socialize is disturbed. A person becomes more forgetful. The cause of Alzheimer is genetic, lifestyle and environmental factors that affects the mind during a lifetime. With age neurotransmitters gets lowered in the body which leads to diseases such as Alzheimers. Rice especially brown rice contains nutrients which can help to synthesize neurotransmitters and stimulate to perform. Various species of wild rice are known to possess neuroprotective enzymes stimulant which controls the harmful effect of free radicals and other toxins and save us from Alzheimer and dementia to some extent.
1. Boosts Metabolism
One of the health benefits of rice is it helps us to boost the metabolism of our body. Rice is the finest source of various vitamins like niacin, vitamin D, thiamine and ribolflavin. It contains various important minerals like Calcium, Iron, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Zinc, etc. These essential nutrients are the foundation for better performance of our immune system, efficient functioning of body organs and overall metabolism of the whole body.
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You might learn cooking the rice the right way watching the video!