In this article we are going to find out about the top 5 plague with highest death toll count in the history of the world. But firstly we are going to know about the plague first.
So what actually is a plague?
Plague is an infectious disease which is vector borne caused by the bacteria known as Yersinia pestis. It was discovered by the French biologist Alexandre Yersin at the end of the 19th century thus named after him. Plague has a higher mortality rate of 10%.
The plague is supposed to have started before 2,000 years ago which might have spread by the trading ships. Recent researches have also indicated that the black death pathogen might have existed in Europe around 3,000 B.C.
Black death was a pandemic caused by bubonic plague in 13th century in Europe. It caused the death of more than 20 million people during the duration of 5 years from its start which was one third of Europe’s population at that time.
Forms of Plague:
- Bubonic Plague
- Septicemic Plague
- Pneumonic Plague
- Plague of Justinian – 541 A.D.
- Black Plague – 1348 A.D.
- Third Pandemic – 1855 A.D.
Main Causes of the Plague
- Increased International Trade
- Rising urban Population and unhygienic conditions
- Lack of medical knowledge or medical advancement
Mode of Transmission:
The plague is transmitted through fleas or insects that feed on rodents.
End of the Black Death:
Well the plague never really ended but was prevented by keeping the sailors in isolation after their arrival. The sailors used to be in quarantine for 30 days initially and then for 40 days.
Present Scenario of the Plague:
According to WHO the plague cases of 1,000 to 3,000 are recorded every year. Thanks to the antibiotics developed and the sanitation, public health maintained the plague is under our control.
Is there a Vaccine for the Plague?
No, there are no commercially made vaccine for the plague.
So, What are the Antibiotics used for treatment of the Plague
Antibiotics such as
3. Doxycycline, or
4. Ciprofloxacin are used for the treatment of plague.
Oxygen, intravenous fluids, and respiratory support are also needed.
So let’s start our countdown of Plague with highest death toll in the History of the world!
5. Persian Plague
Persian plague is among the fifth most devastating plague with highest death toll count in the history of the world. The death toll count due to persian plague specifically bubonic plague was 2 million. It occurred during 1772 to 1773 in Persia.
4. Antonine Plague
Antonine plague is among the fourth most devastating plague with highest death toll count in the history of the world. The death toll count due to Antonine plague reached about 5 to 10 million. It occurred in Roman empire in 165 to 180 AD. The plague is also known as plague of Galen as it was described by the physician named Galen. The plague claimed the lives of almost 25-33% of population.
3. Third Plague Pandemic
Third plague pandemic is among the third most devastating plague with highest death toll count in the history of the world. The death toll count due to third plague pandemic reached about 12 to 15 million. It occurred worldwide during 1855 to 1960 AD. It was a major bubonic plague pandemic that started from Yunnan, China in 1855 AD.
2. Plague of Justinia
Plague of Justinia is among the second most devastating plague with highest death toll count in the history of the world. The death toll count due to Justinianic plague reached about 15 to 100 million. It occurred in Europe and West Asia in 541 to 549 AD. The plague claimed the lives of almost 25-60% of European population. It was the first known plague in the world. The causative organism of the plague of Justinian was Yersinia pestis.
- Black Death
Black death is the most devastating plague with highest death toll count in the history of the world. The death toll count due to Bubonic plague reached about 75 to 200 million. It occurred in Europe, Asia and North Africa in 1346-1353 AD. The plague claimed the lives of almost 30-60% of European population.
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