Volcano is the coming out of hot lava, gases and volcanic ash from the inside of earth by breaking the earth’s crust. Volcanoes occur because the earth’s crust is broken to 17 strong tectonic plates which are floating in the hot magma chamber underneath. The volcanoes occur in those weak spots where those tectonic plates converge or diverge. Most of the volcanoes occur in the water as 71% of earth is covered with water. In this article we will be discussing about five such country which are at highest risk of volcanic eruption.
Volcanoes causes a lot of damage. It makes the nearby environment unsafe for living. The volcanic ash and gases pollute the environment. The volcanic ash becomes a threat to aircraft in which the ashes might get inside the engines and melt and can affect the operation of the aircraft. Volcano can stay in dormant position for millions of years and then become active. The volcanic eruption emits various gases such as Carbon dioxide, Sulfur dioxide, Hydrogen Fluoride, Hydrogen chloride, Hydrogen sulfide and many other gases. These gases get mixed up in the atmosphere which causes acidic rain.
Let’s start our Epic Top 5 Countdown of Country at Highest Risk of Volcanic Eruption!
Ethiopia is the fifth country which is at the highest risk of volcanic eruption. Erta Ale is the most active volcano from 1967 to present in Ethiopia. It is situated in the Afar Region of northeastern Ethiopia. It is located in the Afar Depression, a badland desert area. Ethiopia contains many volcanoes some of which are active and many are at dormant position. In the picture above is the molten lava of Erta Ale which is waiting for it’s time to erupt!
Mexico is the Fourth country which is at the highest risk of volcanic eruption. In the photo is the Popocapetepl volcano which erupted latest in 2015. Mexico contains dozens of volcanoes present in the country. Colima is another active volcano which is youngest and erupted in 2017.
Japan is the third country which is at the highest risk of volcanic eruption. In the photo is the Mount Sakurijama of Japan which erupted lately in 2016 AD. Japan has highest number of volcanic mountains in the world. Nishinosima erupted lately in 2017 which is the most latest of all. In 2016 AD Mount Nigata-Yakeyama and Suwanosejima also erupted. Japan is the host of around 150 active volcano sites among 1500 total active volcanoes in the world.
Philippines is the second country which is at the highest risk of volcanic eruption. In the photo is the Mount Mayon of Philippines which was shot while it erupted in 2018. It is situates in the Albay province of Bicol region of Philippines. It is at an elevation of 2,447 meters. This Mount Mayon is regularly monitored for its activities because of it’s active nature. It is monitored from 10 kilometers away from the summit by PHIVOLCS.
There are around 25 active volcanoes in Philippines which are being monitored everyday for it’s activity.
Indonesia is the country which is at the highest risk of volcanic eruption. Mount Merapi is the most active volcano. In the photo is the eruption of Mount Merapi which occurred lately i May 11, 2018. It is located between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces in Indonesia. It has regularly erupted since 1548 which makes it the most dangerous one. The geography of Indonesia is made up of sudduction zones between the Eurasian plate and the Indo-Australian plate which is why the country is most vulnerable to volcanoes.
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