Top 5 Critically Endangered Species in the World of Animals!

endangered species in the world
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There are lots of species of animals in the world. Many of the species are lost in the process of evolution. Human encroachment on nature has resulted in loss of habitat of lots of animals. The animals in the verge of extinction are known as critically endangered species. According to WWF, there are 19 critically endangered species, 28 endangered species and 19 vulnerable species which need protection from being extinct. In this article, we will discuss about five such critically endangered species in the world.

Let’s start our Epic Top 5 Countdown of Critically Endangered Species in the World of Animals!

5. Cross River Gorilla

endangered species in the world

Numbers left: 200 to 300

Status: Critically Endangered

Scientific Name: Gorilla gorilla diehli

Height: 4 to 5.5 ft when erect

Weight: 440 pounds

Cross river Gorillas are the fifth critically endangered species in the world. They are only present in few number of 200 to 300. They are found in lowland montane forests and rainforests of cameroon and Nigeria, scattered in 11 groups in area of 3,000 square miles.

4. Sumatran Rhino

endangered species in the world

Numbers left: less than 100

Status: Critically Endangered

Scientific Name: Dicerorhinus sumatrensis

Height: 3.3 to 5 ft

Weight: 1,320 to 2,090 pounds

Length: 6.5 to 13 feet

Habitats: Dense highland and lowland tropical and sub-tropical forests

Sumatran rhinos are the fourth most critically endangered species in the world. They have a population on less than 100. These rhinos are lightest and smallest living rhinoceros of the world. They are the only Asian rhinos with two horns. Sumatran rhinos are more threatened by poaching. The habitat of Sumatran Rhino are being lost due to invasive species, construction of roads and human encroachment of forest for agricultural land expansion. Protection is insufficient in existing protected areas.

3. Amur Leopard

endangered species in the world

Numbers left: More than 84

Status: Critically Endangered

Scientific Name: Panthera pardus orientalis

Weight:  70-105 pounds

Habitats: Temperate, Broadleaf and Mixed forests

Amur leopard is the third critically endangered species in the world. Only about 84 individuals are left in the world. It lives in the Temperate, Broadleaf and Mixed forests. They live in Russian Far East. They can reach upto the speed of 37 miles per hour. They can jump more than 19 feet at horizontal position while vertically can jump upto 10 feet.

They are solitary living in nature. The males are reported to stay with their female and raise the young ones. They have a lifespan of around 15 years. They are also known by the name of Far East Leopard, the Manchurian leopard and Korean leopard.

“Amur leopards are teetering on the brink of extinction. With the establishment of the Land of the Leopard National Park, in conjunction with other conservation efforts, we can now start to focus on how to begin bringing them back.”

Dr. Sybille Klenzendorf Managing Director, Species Conservation

2. Javan Rhino

endangered species in the world

Numbers left: 58 to 68

Status: Critically Endangered

Scientific Name: Rhinoceros sondaicus

Height: 4.6 to 5.8 ft

Weight: 1,984 to5,071 pounds

Length: 10 to 10.5 feet

Habitats: Tropical forests

Javan rhinos are the second critically endangered species in the world. And the most endangered among five species of rhino. Only 58 to 68 individuals are available in the world and if good protection and care is not ensured they will soon be history. These rhinos live only in Ujung Kulon National Park in Java, Indonesia. They have dusky grey coloration of body and the horns are 10 inches long. They have smaller heads and less folded skins.

They are very much prone to extinction due to natural catastrophes, loss of habitat, diseases,illegal wildlife trade and potential inbreeding.

1. Vaquita

endangered species in the world

Numbers left: 30 individuals

Status: Critically Endangered

Scientific Name: Phocoena sinus

Height: 5 ft

Weight: up-to 120 pounds

Habitats: Marine, only in the northern Gulf of California

The rarest and most critically endangered species in the world is Vaquita which is aquatic marine mammal. Only 30 of vaquita are left in the world. They are the most rare aquatic marine mammals which were discovered in 1958. Illegal fishing operations has caused a sharp decline of vaquita.

They have dark ring around eyes and black patches on lips. Dorsal surface is dark gray in color with ventral surface light gray in color. The vaquita will be extinct, possibly by 2018, if fishery by-catch is not eliminated immediately.

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About the Author: Saroj Paudel