Top 5 Harmful Effect of Sleep Loss in Human Health!

effect of sleep loss
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A moderate amount of sleep is required for the optimum functioning of the body. A human body requires 6 to 8 hours of sleep according to the intensity of work he/she performs. All muscles of the body gets relaxed during sleep. Sleep is anabolic in nature. During sleep our body does the construction and repair of muscles, tissues, nerves and every organs. Sleep is necessary to gain the vigor for performing daily work. It is often said that one day’s loss of sleep affects the health for a week. Since our health is very related with our sleep. The sleep is like what is charger to a phone. Sleep is our charger which helps to restore the immune, nervous, skeletal and muscular systems. All the vital and minor processes of our body are directly proportional to the amount of sleep we get. And any deviation of the duration of sleep cycle starts showing the effect negatively. Our mood, memory and all cognitive function along with endocrine and immune function rely upon the sleep we get. In this article, we are going to discuss about the five major harmful effect of sleep loss in human health.

Because of artificial light coming from Mobile phones, Television, Laptops and many modern gadgets has played a role in sleep loss. There are too many devices we get attached to with access of internet and we are addicted to them. This addiction to mobile and internet sites such as facebook, twitter, youtube  and many other sites are responsible for many people losing their sleep. Millions of people are just lost in technology that they are unable to maintain the sleep routine. Sleep loss has resulted in decreased eyesight and many people including the children are using glasses for support. Overall health is deteriorated with unbalanced sleep routine.

Oversleeping is also bad for health just as undersleeping is. Oversleeping affects on neurotransmitters production of brain mainly serotonin, risk of lower back pain gets increased, leads to stroke, diabetes and heart diseases.

Humans are suffering from various sleep disorders such as insomnia (No sleep), hypersomnia (More sleep), narcolepsy (Neurological disorder in which inability to regulate sleep-wake cycles), sleep apnea (pauses in breathing during sleep), sleep walking, REM behavior disorder, bruxism (jaw grinding) and circadian rhythm sleep disorder.

Let’s start our Epic Top 5 Countdown of Harmful Effect of Sleep Loss in Human Health!

5. Leads to Serious Health Problems

effect of sleep loss

One of the major harmful effect of sleep loss is it leads to serious health problems. When you lose sleep for a long period of time the chances of you being exposed to following diseases gets higher:

  • Heart disease
  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • High blood pressure
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes

People who lose sleep for long time are very prone to suffer from these diseases and generally posses one of above diseases.

4. Ruins the Sex Drive

effect of sleep loss

Another major harmful effect of sleep loss is it ruins the sex drive. With less sleep the sex hormones level gets decreased and a person loses interest in sex. Ultimately it affects your relationship. Also sex is essential to carry out reproductive cycle. In many developed countries people are losing more sexual desire and the reproduction rate has gone down to even negative.

3. Hampers Brain Memory

effect of sleep loss

Another major harmful effect of sleep loss is it hampers your brain memory. Sleeping is essential for analytical thinking and learning. Sleep cycles compiles all the memories of your each day in the mind. And when you don’t get enough sleep your brain cannot record everything and it starts coming in pieces. Sometimes, In exams too the answers you have read comes in pieces and cloud of confusion appears because you studied it but did not give your brain enough time to process it during sleep. Loss of sleep impairs your concentration, alertness, reasoning, problem solving ability and the alertness you need to perform daily works.

In 2009 Researchers from America and France figured out that “sharp wave ripples” are responsible for consolidating memory. These sharp wave ripples transmits learned information from hippocampus of brain to neocortex of brain. The neocortex of brain is where the long term memories are stored. And these sharp wave ripples mostly occur when you are in your deepest sleep.

2. Leads to Depression

effect of sleep loss

One of the major harmful effect of sleep loss is it leads to depression. Depression is directly linked with sleep deprivation. More the sleep deprivation higher are your chances towards depression. When you sleep less, the body starts underperforming. The hormones and neurotransmitters required for good mental health production diminishes. The happiness hormones such as endorphins, acetylcholine, serotonin, dopamine, melatonin, GABA, Oxytocin, Phenylethylmine, enkephalins, etc gets reduced and creates negative impact on your mental wellbeing.

According to the study done in 2007 on 10,000 people, the insomniac people who were getting less sleep were five times susceptible to develop depression than normal people.

1. Impairs Judgement

effect of sleep loss

Another major harmful effect of sleep loss is it impairs with your judgement. Our ability to judge things and events gets affected. We can not give our best in work. Even when riding vehicles the chances of accidents gets higher due to poor judgement. Riding sleep deprived is even more dangerous than riding when drunk. One wrong move and things can get damaged permanently so you need to stay cautious to provide enough sleep to your body. The conversations and actions we take you  cannot perform to your brains potential. You cannot interpret the situations going around accurately which make you to act foolishly. And things can go in wrong direction.

Give yourself some rest, what is the point of functioning on less sleep or earning more money losing your sleep when damage that is coming towards you is irreversible.

effect of sleep loss

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About the Author: Saroj Paudel