In this article we are going to learn about the top 5 largest tobacco producers in the world. More than 6.6 million tonnes of tobacco is produced each year of which India and China accounts for more than 50% of total production. The value of global market of tobacco was estimated to be over 932 billion dollars in 2020. The global tobacco market is projected to grow at the rate of 1.8% till 2028. Grown in more than 124 countries on more than 4.3 million hectares of land, tobacco is a major contributor to the world’s economy.
There are millions of people consuming cigarettes daily and since it is addictive the demand is not going to fall any sooner. So many countries are capitalizing over the production of tobacco in order to reap more benefits.
The scientific name of Tobacco is Nicotiana rustica, Nicotiana tabacum where the genus is same but there are more than 70 species of tobacco in the world. It falls under Solanaceae family. Also, Tobacco’s centre of origin is America which is mostly used in the world for recreation purpose. The active ingredients of tobacco include Nicotine and harmine also. Nicotine is the very addictive stimulant alkaloid which is responsible for making people addicted to it.
Uses of Tobacco
Tobacco leaves are used in dried forms which are then used for smoking cigars, cigarettes, pipes and shishas(flavored tobacco mix with molasses and vegetable glycerol which is used in hookah). It is also consumed as snuff, snus, dipping tobacco and chewing tobacco.
Harmful effects of smoking
Although people know tobacco use is harmful to health and yet people do smoke as the effects are in long run. The effect of long term tobacco consumption leads to several harmful diseases which leads to cancer of lungs, liver, heart and mouth. According to WHO report of 2020, tobacco is responsible for more than 8 millions death each year. Out of which 1.2 million deaths is caused by smokers exposing the smoke to non-smokers also called second hand smoke.
Types of tobacco
The types of tobacco include Aromatic fire cured, Brightleaf tobacco, Burley tobacco, Criollo tobacco, Dokha tobacco from Iran, Turkish tobacco, Perique, Shade tobacco, White burley and wild tobacco.
Let’s start our epic top 5 list of largest tobacco producing countries in the world along with their production and productivity!
With the production of 196,154 tons of tobacco, Indonesia is fifth among top 5 largest tobacco producers in the world. Tobacco is cultivated in 206,337 hectares of land and has a productivity of 950.6 kg per hectare. Also, Production per person of tobacco in Indonesia is 0.74 kg per person.
4. United States of America
With the production of 285,181 tons of tobacco, United States is fourth among top 5 largest tobacco producers in the world. Tobacco is cultivated in 129,362 hectares of land and has a productivity of 2,204.5 kg per hectare. Also, Production per person of tobacco in United States is 0.87 kg per person.
With the production of 675,545 tons of tobacco, Brazil is third among top 5 largest tobacco producers in the world. In Brazil, Tobacco is cultivated in 375,622 hectares of land and has a productivity of 1798.5 kg per hectare. Also, Production per person of tobacco in Brazil is 3.224 kg per person.
With the production of 761,318 tons of tobacco, India is second among top 5 largest tobacco producers in the world. In India, Tobacco is cultivated in 449,248 hectares of land and as a result has a productivity of 1694.6 kg per hectare. Also Production per person of tobacco in India is 0.57 kg per person.
With the production of 2,806,770 tons of tobacco, China is the largest tobacco producer in the world. China is almost the major consumer of tobacco products and owing to its huge population explains the huge production. In China, Tobacco is cultivated in 206,337 hectares of land and has a productivity of 2228.4 kg per hectare. Also, Production per person of tobacco in China is 2.014 kg per person.
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