In most of the species, female live longer than male of that species. Among humans too, the same thing follows. In every country scenario we can see the life expectancy of women being higher. So, what could be the science behind this phenomenon. Men are stronger and stronger things lasts for a long time but that is not the case with human body. Human body is magnificent with lots of processes going on inside. We have explored many things about our body and still human body has many unsolved mysteries. Here in this article we will be discussing about the top five reasons why women live longer than men.
Men and women differ in their body struture. The hormones and enzymes they posses are different in concentration. Men and women differ in their genes. Men are made up of X chromosome from mother and Y chromosome from father. While women are made from two X chromsomes from both the parents. Male contains androgens in higher concentration while women have estrogen in higher concentration. Androgens and estrogens are the steroid hormone or sex hormones. The concentration of these sex hormones is responsible for the differences in physiology between men and women. After puberty androgen hormones are released which develops the secondary sexual characters and exhibits higher differences between two genders.
The longest living women in the world is Jeanne Louise Calment who was a French super-centenarian who is the longest living human of all time with verified lifespan of 122 years, 164 days. She was born on 21st February 1875 in Arles, France and died in 4th August 1997 in Arles, France.
Let’s start our Epic Top 5 Countdown of Reasons Why Women Live Longer than Male!
5. Healthy Habits
One of the reason why women live longer is because of the healthy habits they get accustomed to. Women adopt healthy habits from small age. They are more disciplined in their habits than men. Men tend to drink and smoke more than female. Men can drink more than female generally. Although women drinking and smoking are increasing these days. Women love cooking foods which makes them able to consume more healthy foods. While men are generally reluctant to cook food and end up eating outside.
4. Physical Loads and Stresses
One of the reason why women live longer is probably because of type of work they do. Generally men are the bread winners for their family. They take more loads and stress to feed their family. From firefighting to bullfighting, men are challenging the difficult tasks. Since they are physically capable of doing heavy physical stuff, the impact is seen on long term in their life expectancy. And women are generally involved in light works, less wear and tear of the body, thus longer life.
3. The Role of Testosterone
Testosterone is the source of strength of men and also the reason of why men live lesser. Women have testosterone in very small amount. Testosterone might make our bodies stronger in the short-term, but the same changes also leave us open to heart disease, infections, and cancer later in life. “For example, testosterone might increase seminal fluid production but promote prostate cancer; or it might alter cardiovascular function in a way that improves performance early in life but leads to hypertension and atherosclerosis later.” as told by David Gems at University College London.
2. The Role of Oxytocin
One of the reason why women live longer than men is because of the oxytocin hormone they produce. Women have advantage of Oxytocin, as it acts as an anti-oxidant which helps to clean out poisonous chemicals that causes stress to cells. and also the women’s heart rate increases during menstrual cycle offering the same advantage as optimum exercise. Thus, women live longer than men.
1. Women’s Menstrual Cycle
Women’s menstrual cycle is one of the major reason why women live longer. The women’s heart rate increases during menstrual cycle offering the same advantage as optimum exercise. Thus, women live longer than men. The varying degrees of iron deficiency that menstruation can cause in women also changes the way their cardiovascular cells react to heart disease. Thus makes a strong heart but a sensitive one though!
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